Tier 1 Resources

People at desk looking at papers

Tier 1 or Universal SW-PBS is the core social skills curriculum to which all students have access across all school settings. The systems and practices put in place at Tier 1  help to ensure that all students have been taught the behavioral expectations, that they have been supported as they learn and become fluent in these behaviors, and that staff respond to social skills errors with teaching strategies rather than punishment.

Research shows that when Tier 1 systems  and practices are  established and consistently implemented, the majority of students will respond to these supports, reducing the number of students requiring more intensive Tier 2 and Tier 3 interventions. This reduced number of students requiring these more intensive supports makes providing them much more manageable. Furthermore, access to Tier 1 reduces the possibility that schools will falsely identify students as requiring more intensive supports, including special education. Finally, the systems and practices put in place at Tier 1 provide the foundation for Tier 2 (Secondary) and Tier 3 (Intensive) supports. Therefore, it is critical that schools establish and maintain strong Tier 1 systems and practices.

Eight Essential Components must be  in place for  schools to be implementing Tier 1 with fidelity. These Eight Essential Components are research based, and include:

  1. Common philosophy and purpose
  2. Leadership
  3. Clarifying expected behavior
  4. Teaching expected behavior
  5. Encouraging expected behavior
  6. Discouraging inappropriate behavior
  7. Ongoing monitoring
  8. Effective classroom practice


In addition, we have added resources on Professional Learning, to assist schools in building capacity of staff.

To assist teams implementing the Eight Essential Components, MO SW-PBS has developed and refined a Tier 1 Workbook (2016) (8902 KB) as well as the Tier 1 Universal Support Checklist (2016).

Archive Resources

MO SW-PBS Tier 1 Workbook (2015 )

MO SW-PBS Tier 1 Workbook (2014)

MO SW PBS Tier 1 Workbook (2013)